Republic of Turkey plans to go to the moon. Will it be successful? Let’s dive in.
In 1957, Russia sent the first satellite into space, then known as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (SSBC). The first satellite sent into space is called Sputnik 1. It was Russia again that sent the first astronaut into space. When cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin went into space, it was 1961.
The turning point in space-related work was Neil Armstrong’s moon in 1969. This success was that of the United States of America. The rivalry between the Soviet Union and America in the Cold War years also occurred in space.
What about our country, Turkey? Turkey’s space travel, to put it more accurately, began with delayed satellite travel. During the first studies on communication satellites in 1990, the calendars showed January 24, 1994, when the first satellite TURKSAT 1A was launched into space. However, this launch was not successful.
Its first successfully launched, TÜKSAT 1B, took its place in space on August 10, 1994. The last communication satellite, TURKSAT 5A, was launched on January 8th, 2020. Thus, turkey’s number of satellites in space became 7. 4 of these satellites are communication satellites: TURKSAT 5A, TURKSAT 4B, ÜRKSAT 4A and TURKSAT 3A. All 3 of the satellites are observation satellites: RASAT, GÖKTÜRK-2 and GÖKTÜRK-1.
When TURKSAT 5A was launched, it was said that the work of the domestic and national satellite was carried out. TÜRSAT 6A going to be launched in 2022. Let’s drop the note that Turkey is one of the 30 countries with satellites in space and return to our new topic.
What’s new? Turkey’s space travel, hence the Turkish Space Agency. Information about the National Space Program was shared with the press the previous day. Of course, it was among the most talked about topics in both traditional media and social media.
Let’s get to know the National Space Program and the Turkish Space Agency more closely. Like delays in many areas, when will the delay in space travel end? For example, when will Turkey go on the moon? Are we going to send astronauts into space? Speaking of astronauts, I don’t know what to do. The Americans are using the definition of cosmonaut to the astronaut Russians. We will also nationalize these names in domestic and national space travel studies. We’ll find a Turkish response to the word astronaut or cosmonaut. I got another little footnote. I’ll get right back to the point.
When was the Turkish Space Agency Established?
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan promoted the Turkish Space Agency. The agency’s logo, duties and objectives were also announced at the meeting. The year of its establishment is 2018, without its introduction. The agency was established in December 2018 by presidential decree. It will support technologies related to aerospace science. It will protect our country’s interests in space travel. And in this context, he will work with both national and international organizations.
The institution to which the agency is affiliated is the Ministry of Industry and Technology. He made his first work in January 2019. He organized a workshop in Gebze. The title of this workshop is “National Space Program Workshop.”
Serdar Huseyin Yildirim, Head of the Agency in Ankara. 60 years old. He studied at Istanbul Technical University. He’s an aircraft engineer. His master’s degree is also in aviation. He received a master’s degree from the Technical University of Berlin. Department of Aeronautics and Space Sciences. He gave lectures at Kadir Has University. Yildirim previously carried out his duties as General Directorate of State Airports Management and General Directorate of Aerospace Technologies.
Turkey’s 10 Goals in Space Travel
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan attended the introductory meeting of the Turkish Space Agency. President Erdogan announced the targets. What were those strategic goals? Let’s take a look together.
The Moon Task
The first goal of the Turkish Space Agency is to go to the moon. The date set for this goal is the 100th year of the Republic; I mean, 2023. International organizations will cooperate to get to the moon. The rocket will be domestic and hybrid. The first plan is for the rocket to leave the world to land the moon. The next step is a soft landing.
Turkey is one of 30 countries with satellites in space. Many different organizations were worked on satellite launches. SpaceX launched the last satellite TURKSAT 5A. One of the agency’s goals is to create a trademark in satellite studies. This brand will have features that can compete with the world. A company will be established in coordination with the agency for satellite production. This company is going to be national. You can read detailed information about Turkey’s satellite journey in my article titled “Turkey’s Eyes in Space: Satellites”.
Work will also be carried out on turkey’s positioning. These investments will be made and the timing system will be developed.
One of the objectives is the establishment of a spaceport. First, the most suitable launch site will be determined, then technological studies will be carried out. A facility will be built for launch infrastructure work.
This area is also defined as meteorology. Investments will be made in meteorology and research will be supported. A unit will be set up to collect the observations made.
Steps will be taken to make space objects and astronomical observations. Active and garbage satellites in space will be monitored. Scientists’ work on radio waves will be supported.
Work on the space field will be carried out in an integrated way. Work will be carried out on space technology and these products will be exported. Employment will be supported for equipped human resources.
Space Technologies Development Zone
For this, middle east technical university (OTDÜ) will work together. A region will be established where space technologies will be developed. Incentives will be provided in this context.
People will be trained in remote equipment. Space awareness will be created as a first step. Master’s and Doctoral scholarships will be awarded to those who will work in the field. Various programs will be organized at the national and international levels.
Turkish astronauts will be trained. The Turkish citizen will be sent into space. Of course, I mentioned in the introduction to the article that his name will not be an astronaut or a cosmonaut. In return, a Turkish word will be produced. At the introductory meeting, it was also expressed that 83 million ideas were needed for this Turkish word. The astronaut will be sent to the International Space Station (ISS).
Turkish Space Agency, National Space Program, When Will Turkey Go to the Moon, Turkey’s Satellites, Turkey’s space travel, Turkey’s space studies,
Turkish Space Agency’s Budget
Activities on the ISS are carried out in cooperation with five space ladies. U.S., Russia, Japan, Europe, and Canada space agents are agencies with which the ISS cooperates. Prior to the work in space, it was carried out under the monopoly of the states. But there are also private companies now.
SpaceX, which launched the TURKSAT 5A satellite, is one of them. Whether private companies or space agencies of states; budgets for space studies are expressed in billions of dollars. The bend allocated to the Turkish Space Agency is currently 38 million TL. The agency, its duties, and budget have brought controversy.
All the work to be done aims to ensure Turkey’s visibility into space and then to become one of the countries that have a say. Will the project succeed? How many of your goals are achieved. Will we go to the moon in 2023? We’ll learn the answers to the questions by living.
What is The Turkish Space Agency?
The Turkish Space Agency was established in December 2018 by presidential decree. It will support technologies related to aerospace science. It will protect our country’s interests in space travel. In this context, it will work with both national and international organizations.
What are the Objectives of the Turkish Space Agency?
In Turkey’s space travel, 10 targets were set for the agency. Moon mission, domestic satellite, Turkish astronaut, space technology development zone, space industry, and spaceport are some of these goals.